Emperor Hadrian’s Villa tour


GIANLUCATOUR PROGRAM

Gianlucatour Emperor Hadrian's Villa tour you can do it comfortably at 40 minutes from the city of Rome in the Lazio countryside.

Usually the tour lasts an average of 8 hours, including any travel time.

 

  • ADRIAN'S ANCIENT VILLA IN VILLA ADRIANA (Walking tour 02,00 hours)
  • CARDINAL D'ESTE VILLA IN TIVOLI (Walking tour 01,00 hour)

 

Lunch stop at the customer's expense.

Each additional hour to the fee will be charged in Total at a cost of Euro 50.00 per hour.

 

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Gianlucatour COMMENTARY
Ancient city with the Latin name Tibur, called by Virgil with the title of Tibur Superbum (Aeneid, Lib. VII) which still stands in the city coat of arms, boasts of being the oldest in Rome, according to the historian Dionysius of Halicarnassus was founded by Aborigines as a result of the sacred rite of spring.
The fact that the ancient Tibur was the confluence of different populations (especially Sabine and Latin), has confirmed the existence of the large sanctuary of Hercules (restored by June 2011), the classic Latin deified hero, whose remains They can be dated to the second century BC, but that can easily be traced back to an earlier place of worship (perhaps in the area of the bridge dell'Acquoria) common to people who met to trade.

After being finally subdued by Rome, expanding in the fourth century BC, it was recognized Roman municipality with the Lex Iulia municipalis in the first century BC. From the late Republican, Tivoli became home to many villas of wealthy Romans, as evidenced by the numerous remains. Those still known and identified are attributed to Horace, Cassio, Publius Quintilius Varo, Manlio Vopisco (the remains of the latter are incorporated in the current Villa Gregoriana). Augustus himself stayed there and administered justice under the arches of the sanctuary of Hercules. The culmination of these settlements was represented by the villa of Hadrian in the second century AD

In the Middle Ages Tivoli it was a bishopric (known from the year 366) and strongly implicated in feudal strife. Always jealous of their independence, but unity between Roman barons and the feud Benedictine of Subiaco, to escape the heritage bishop sided with the Ghibellines; however this is not spared to divide into factions and continually to remain hostage to the dispute between the powerful Roman, as the Colonna and Orsini, to return finally, in the fifteenth century, the patrimony of the Church, of which was followed the fortunes. In 1550 he was appointed governor of Tivoli Cardinal Ippolito II d'Este (1509-1572), who promoted the construction of the famous villa that his family is named. The accommodation of Villa d'Este was continued by his successors, his nephew Cardinal Luigi d'Este (died 1586) and Cardinal Alessandro d'Este (died in 1624).
Among the many rustic villas that since the Republican had arisen between Rome and Tivoli , it was already a built in Silla period , enlarged at the time of Julius Caesar , received perhaps owned by the wife of Hadrian, Vibia Sabina , who came from a family of ancient nobility Italic .

This was the first nucleus of the villa, built in the Palace then imperial. The villa is located on Tiburtini Mountains , about 28 km (17 Roman miles ) from Rome, which was accessible for middle of the street or the main Via Tiburtina Valeria , both through the navigation of the river Aniene .

The Villa is located on the right side of the Via Tiburtina , just beyond the bridge Lucano , prolonged almost to the foot of the mountain on which it stands Tivoli Ripoli .

The area chosen to stretch between the valleys of the ditches or Risicoli Roquebrune to the west and to the east of Water Ferrata , who joined together , then you throw in the Aniene ; was an area rich in water and there passed four of the ancient aqueducts Romans who served Rome ( Anio Vetus , Anio Novus , Aqua Marcia and Aqua Claudia ) .

Still exists near the sulfur springs of waters Albule (Bagni di Tivoli) , which was known and appreciated by the emperor. Nearby there were several quarries of building materials
( travertine , pozzolana, limestone and tufa for the realization of lime ) .

A few miles from Hadrian's Villa in Tivoli center, we find the Villa D' Este in Tivoli, which is a masterpiece of the Italian Renaissance and the figure in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites .

The villa was commissioned by Cardinal Ippolito II D'Este , son of Alfonso I and Lucrezia Borgia (Ferrara 1509 - Rome 1572) on a site that already in ancient times was the site of a Roman villa.

The story of its construction is related to the history of its first owner : the essential contribution made by the Cardinal d'Este to his election in 1550 , Pope Julius III del Monte wanted to thank him by appointing him governor for life of Tivoli and its territory .

The Cardinal arrived at the Tivoli September 9 and it made a triumphal entry , but, finding that he would have to live in an old and uncomfortable convent attached to the church of Santa Maria Maggiore , built centuries before by some monks and now held by the Franciscans and partially converted into a residence of the governor.

The beautiful garden , an admirable result of the genius of Pirro Ligorio , extends from the back side of the villa, to the input current of the building, and is divided between terraces and slopes, with a central longitudinal axis and five main transverse axis , connecting and joining together with mastery the different slopes of the garden, by using a typical architectural scheme of the Roman cities .

The original design , in addition to the beautiful landscape where you can enjoy the various plans of the garden, the fountains with their beautiful fountains, lush trees and plants of various species made the garden of Villa D'Este , one of the most beautiful and famous existing , such as to be a model for the implementation of many successive.

All of the fountains were then fed without the use of any mechanical device , but only by exploiting the natural pressure and the principle of communicating vessels .

 

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