Pisa and Florence tour


GIANLUCATOUR PROGRAM

Gianlucatour Florence and Pisa tour is a great way to discover the Italian’s beauties in Toscany. The tower of Pisa and the Old Bridge of Florence cannot be missed.

  • Pisa Piazza dei Miracoli
  • Leaning Tower of Pisa
  • Cathedral, the Baptistery and Camposanto
  • Florence Piazzale Michelangelo
  • Basilica of Santa Croce
  • Piazza del Duomo
  • Uffizi Gallery
  • Piazza della Signoria
  • Ponte Vecchio

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Florence and Pisa from Gianlucatour  is a great tour from Livorno that you will enjoy as you journey into the heart of Tuscany.

Florence is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany and of the Metropolitan City of Florence. It is the most populous city in Tuscany

Florence was a centre of medieval European trade and finance and one of the wealthiest cities of the time,[4] is considered the birthplace of the Renaissance, and has been called "the Athens of the Middle Ages".[5] A turbulent political history includes periods of rule by the powerful Medici family, and numerous religious and republican revolutions.[6] From 1865 to 1871 the city was the capital of the recently established Kingdom of Italy.

Pisa is a city in Tuscany, Central Italy, straddling the River Arno just before it empties into the Tyrrhenian Sea. It is the capital city of the Province of Pisa. Although Pisa is known worldwide for its leaning tower (the bell tower of the city's cathedral), the city contains more than 20 other historic churches, several medieval palaces and various bridges across the River Arno. Much of the city's architecture was financed from its history as one of the Italian maritime republics.

The city is also home of the University of Pisa, which has a history going back to the 12th century and also has the mythic Napoleonic Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa and Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies as the best sanctioned Superior Graduate Schools in Italy.

Pisa according to legend was founded by some mythical Trojan refugees from the homonymous Greek city of Pisa, a temple in the valley of the river Alpheus [6], in the Peloponnese.

Among the most important monuments of the city there is the famous Piazza del Duomo, known as the Square of Miracles, declared World Heritage Site, with the Cathedral, built between 1063 and 1118 in the Pisan Romanesque style and the Leaning Tower, the twelfth century, today one of the most famous Italian monuments in the world because of its characteristic tilt.

The city is home to three of the most important universities in Italy and in Europe, the University of Pisa, the Scuola Normale Superiore and the Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna, and one of the CNR locations and a number of other institutions of research.

The symbols used by the city in the first years after its foundation is unknown, definitely a symbol to which the city is historically linked to the Madonna, whose image can be found on many ancient coins and to whom is dedicated the cathedral.

The red cross license ritrinciata and ointment of twelve globules.
The eagle is another symbol of the city often reported on correspondence and coins and demonstrates loyalty to the empire of Pisa. Today the eagle on a yellow background is the symbol of the province. Always by virtue of fidelity to the Holy Roman Empire, in 1162 and first in 1166 then, the Emperor Frederick Barbarossa grants the town the imperial flag, in the acts is in fact affixed the inscription dedicated etiam imperator usum eis vexillum.
Little is known about which banner it is, but many believe to be the Blutfahne and it is certain that in the following centuries the city used a red flag as taught.

The red color is still present nell'arme the city together with the typical cross license, or with the wider arms in the terminal part, ritrinciata, that is, with the ends of the arms in the shape of rhombus, and ointment with twelve globes.
However, it is not well known how and when the cross was adopted as a symbol of the city. In 1288 we have the first evidence of use of the cross as arms of the People, or the Pisan bourgeois; this sign and that of the city which remained distinct definitely until the end of the twelfth century.

On some coins subsequent to 1318 appears, then, a cross as a mint mark, and some of these crosses are leafy, shape similar to the current one. It is during the Second Republic (1494-1509) that the Pisan cross becomes in effect the arms town. We must therefore say that many replicas of historical objects used during his historic re-enactments of the Pisan emblem with the cross is a false history as they are based on events prior to the adoption dell'Arme reproduced; as it is considered historically incorrect reproduction of the flag with the cross on the coat of arms of the Navy because it harks back to the time when Pisa was a maritime republic and therefore still adopted the red flag.

In World Meteorological views the city of Florence it was one of the first to emerge historically, due to the weather station of Florence Monastery of the Angels that between 1654 and 1670 PROCEEDED meteorological observations and recordings of thermometric data for the Grand Ducal meteorological network, established by Ferdinand II de 'Medici.

From a climatic point of view, Florence has a temperate climate with warm summers and sometimes with episodes sultry and moderately cold and wet winters; according to the Köppen climate classification, that of Florence is a humid temperate climate.

In winter, and sometimes even between October and November and between March and April, the temperature can drop below freezing, even in case of different degrees of raids continental arctic cold air or albedo effect subsequent to snowfall.
In summer, especially in recent years, there are frequent days when you reach 35-36 ° C and sometimes even temperatures approaching 40 ° C, reaching them and overcoming them slightly in some years.

The flat Florentine and the surrounding hills have been inhabited since prehistoric times, as evidenced by archaeological findings in the area.

The first permanent settlement was a village on stilts, built around the eleventh century BC by populations of civilization Villanovan, near a ford on the River Arno, in the middle of a fertile plain.

Around 150 BC, the Etruscans of nearby Visul (modern Fiesole), situated high on the hill, founded a "satellite city" near the Arno, to take advantage of the presence of the waterway, and built a first wooden bridge.

Already in Etruscan times, the city was called with the name Florentia, in Latin, which was establishing itself in the valley transited by many travelers. It seems that the name derives precisely from the plain "fertile" (in Latin florentes) it was in the residential complex, and not from the flower symbol of the city, as the Giglio was adopted as the emblem only a few centuries later. It has little credit the hypothesis that the name derives from the King Fiorino, the legendary first ruler of the city Etruscan. Another hypothesis is that of Birenz, which in Etruscan means "between the waters", located at the confluence of the Arno and Mugnone Torrents Affrico. This word would then Latinized by the Romans.

In World Meteorological views the city of Florence it was one of the first to emerge historically, due to the weather station of Florence Monastery of the Angels that between 1654 and 1670 PROCEEDED meteorological observations and recordings of thermometric data for the Grand Ducal meteorological network, established by Ferdinand II de 'Medici.

From a climatic point of view, Florence has a temperate climate with warm summers and sometimes with episodes sultry and moderately cold and wet winters; according to the Köppen climate classification, that of Florence is a humid temperate climate.

In winter, and sometimes even between October and November and between March and April, the temperature can drop below freezing, even in case of different degrees of raids continental arctic cold air or albedo effect subsequent to snowfall.
In summer, especially in recent years, there are frequent days when you reach 35-36 ° C and sometimes even temperatures approaching 40 ° C, reaching them and overcoming them slightly in some years.

The flat Florentine and the surrounding hills have been inhabited since prehistoric times, as evidenced by archaeological findings in the area.

The first permanent settlement was a village on stilts, built around the eleventh century BC by populations of civilization Villanovan, near a ford on the River Arno, in the middle of a fertile plain.

Around 150 BC, the Etruscans of nearby Visul (modern Fiesole), situated high on the hill, founded a "satellite city" near the Arno, to take advantage of the presence of the waterway, and built a first wooden bridge.

Already in Etruscan times, the city was called with the name Florentia, in Latin, which was establishing itself in the valley transited by many travelers. It seems that the name derives precisely from the plain "fertile" (in Latin florentes) it was in the residential complex, and not from the flower symbol of the city, as the Giglio was adopted as the emblem only a few centuries later. It has little credit the hypothesis that the name derives from the King Fiorino, the legendary first ruler of the city Etruscan. Another hypothesis is that of Birenz, which in Etruscan means "between the waters", located at the confluence of the Arno and Mugnone Torrents Affrico. This word would then Latinized by the Romans.

From the tenth century, the city developed and by 1115 became an independent town. In the thirteenth century it was divided by the struggle between the Ghibellines, supporters of the Holy Roman Empire, and the Guelphs, in favor of the Roman Papacy. After ups and downs, the Guelphs won (the so-called "battle of Hill", 17 June 1269), but soon divided internally into "Whites and Blacks" (Dante Alighieri himself was deployed in the faction of the Whites).

It was under the rule, rather the Signoria, of the latter family that Florence knew his was probably the most auspicious. Starting in 1437, for several centuries, the Medici to give prestige to the family, but also for a sense of offering and love for their city and citizens, they gathered to court the best artists, writers, humanists and philosophers of the day: among others, Michelangelo Buonarroti, Pico della Mirandola, Verrocchio, Michelozzo, Angelo Poliziano, Antonio Pollaiuolo, Sandro Botticelli, Galileo Galilei, Filippo Brunelleschi and Leonardo da Vinci.

 

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